Doreen (Simmon) Pavlik Collection
This collection of images from North Manitou Island was provided as part of a photo album donated to the History Center of Traverse City by Doreen (Simmon) Pavlik.
They have been provided to ManitouIslandsArchives.Org courtesy of HCoTC's Archivist, Peg Siciliano, who selected and scanned these thirty-eight images of historic interest, many of which are scenes from what was the logging community of Crescent, on the island's west side, around the turn of the 19th/20th century.
This collection includes the following images:
- • Hotel, North Manitou Island: ca. 1910s. The former residence of U.S. Life-saving Service keeper Daniel Buss was remodeled to function as a hotel and dining room. The hotel occupied a site on the beach ridge north of Cottage Row. Although not part of the Cottage Row plat, this structure served a vital function in the communal resort development scheme. The building continued to function as a lodging facility for island visitors until it was destroyed by fire in 1953.
- • The U.S. Life Saving Service Station: and 'Cottage Row' restort cottages on North Manitou Island.
- • At anchor: off North Manitou Island.
- • The main road: on North Manitou Island
- • Roadway: on North Manitou Island
- • Loading logs: probably the south-end dock on North Manitou Island
- • North Manitou Island Mailboat: 'Manitou,' possibly John Swenson's boat on its maiden voyage. John Swenson owned his own boat, which he used for fishing, and for transporting freight between the island and Leland. In 1901, Swenson took the contract to carry mail between Leland and North Manitou Island.
- • The Edward Buckley: hand-loading logs, probably the south-end dock on North Manitou Island - another view.
- • The Edward Buckley: underway. During the 1909 season, the masted steam barge 'Edward Buckley' was steadily employed by the Empire Lumber Company, carrying logs from North Manitou to the company's mill at Empire, and finished lumber from there to Chicago.
- • The short-lived community of Crescent: developed on the western side of the island around an extensive dock and wharf built by the Smith & Hull Lumber Company, and a steam-powered lumber mill operated by A.J. White & Son. The company town flourished during 1908-1915, but thereafter vanished from the island landscape almost as quickly as it had appeared.
- • The Crescent dock: on North Manitou Island's west side.
- • The Crescent dock: on North Manitou Island's west side - rough weather.
- • Hotel at Crescent: In 1906, Peter Swanson leased part of his North Manitou property to the partnership of Franklyn H. Smith and William C. Hull of Traverse City. On this parcel, the Smith & Hull Lumber Company developed the lumber camp known as Crescent. The complex included a saw mill, several commercial and quasi-public buildings including a school, post office, hotel, dock, and housing for workers.
- • Schoolhouse at Crescent: Smith & Hull centered their operation near the location of what was formerly a village called Aylsworth. Here they completed the construction of a six-hundred-foot dock in 1908. At the dock location, which the named Crescent, they developed a new pier and wharf, storage yards, and housing for workers. The community had a hotel and a general store, as well as a saloon, and a schoolhouse that also functioned as a church on Sundays.
- • The Smith & Hull saw mill: at Crescent, with part of the village in the background.
- • Finished lumber: at the Smith & Hull sawmill on North Manitou Island.
- • "The Manitou Limited": The Crescent post office opened on North Manitou Island on September 21, 1908. The following spring, Smith & Hull constructed a six-mile narrow-gauge railroad in the northwestern corner of the island to facilitate the transportation of timber to the dock. The system was equipped with a 28-ton Shea engine and twelve Russell logging cars.
- • One of the "pot holes": North Manitou Island has prominent areas of dune activity along its southwest coast, the dunes being superposed on bluffs of clay or gravel.
- • Smith & Hull steam crane: - North Manitou Island.
- • Clay bank: Another view of North Manitou's clay banks.
- • Heavy surf at the Crescent dock: on North Manitou Island.
- • North Manitou Island sunset: - looking west from near the Crescent dock.
- • Smith & Hull wood choppers camp: near Crescent on North Manitou Island.
- • Coming through the woods: - a view of the Smith & Hull narrow-guage logging railroad.
- • The Smith & Hull logging railroad bed: cut through the high country on North Manitou Island's northwest side.
- • The Shay logging locomotive: was specially designed by a former lumberman, Ephraim Shay. Unlike standard steam locomotives, the heavy little engines, sometimes called sidewinders or stemwinders, were driven by direct gearing to each and every wheel, which enabled them to climb the steepest grades, swing around hairpin curves and negotiate frail temporary tracks, while hauling incredibly heavy loads from the woods to the mill.
- • The Edward Buckley loading: at the Crescent dock.
- • Shay Steam Engine No.3: - the Smith & Hull logging railroad on North Manitou Island was sometimes called 'The Manitou Limited' (Circa 1910).
- • Looking south from the Crescent dock: on North Manitou Island on a stormy day.
- • Another view looking south: from the Crescent dock on North Manitou Island, with South Manitou in the distance.
- • A view to the north during heavy weather: from North Manitou Island's Crescent dock.
- • The North Manitou Island mensí baseball team: Crescent, ca. 1908-1915. During the early 1910s Crescent had an ethnically diverse population of several hundred men, and a substantially smaller number of women and children. The community supported at least two baseball teams, one of which was composed of American Indians whom had left their homes on the mainland to work in the island lumber camps. Opposing teams traveled from the mainland to play games on the island. These may have occurred in the large fields and pastures of the company-operated farm, which surrounded the community.
- • 'Good Morning' from North Manitou Island: - one of the island's infamous 'micro-bears.'
- • The Smith & Hull general store: at Crescent, on North Manitou Island.
- • An interesting view of the heavy, powerful little 'No. 3': showing the gearing system that drove her, and the heavy loads she could pull.
- • Inside the Smith & Hull general store: at Crescent on North Manitou Island - 'If they ain't got it, ya probably don't need it.'
- • Unknown
- • Probably John Swenson's fishing/mail boat: carrying the freight (circa 1901).
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